Stock Fundamentals Archive

How Does a Change in Shares Outstanding Impact Stock Returns?

A reduction in shares outstanding can occur as a result of a company stock buyback. A buyback is when a company repurchases its stock with the goal of reducing the number of its share on the market. As you can imagine, a reduction in shares outstanding is likely to impact stock returns. However, I was not

Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) Backtest

The Return on Invested Capital (ROIC) ratio is a very popular measure of company “quality” among value investors. Many even use this metric as part of their valuation models to account for future sustainable growth. Professor Aswath Damodaran discusses the significance of ROIC in detail in his widely quoted paper, Return on Capital (ROC), Return on Invested

5-Year Average Return on Investment Backtest

I decided to also backtest the 5-Year Average Return on Investment (ROI) in order to see how it compared to my recent 5-Year Average Return on Equity Backtest. We can also compare this 5-year average ROI backtest to the trailing twelve-month Return on Investment ratio backtest performance I ran a few weeks ago. I used the data and

5-Year Average Return on Equity Backtest

I recently updated my Return on Equity backtest. One of the suggestions I received was to test the 5-year average return on equity. I decided to test that out and compare it to the trailing twelve-month return on equity ratio backtest performance. I used the data and backtesting tool provided by Portfolio123. The Portfolio123 backtesting eliminates the

Return on Equity Backtest

Updated March 1, 2015 with 2014 data. Originally posted June 11, 2014. The Return on Equity (ROE)  is a commonly used profitability metric. ROE measures a company’s efficiency at generating profits from every unit of shareholders’ equity. It is often used in conjunction with a DuPont analysis, which breaks down ROE into three components. Those components are profit

Return on Investment Backtest

Return on Investment (ROI) is a fundamental measure of profitability and efficiency based on how much net income is generated by a company’s total debt and equity.  Return on Investment is calculated as follows: Return on Investment = Income After Taxes / (Total Long Term Debt + Stockholders Equity) This fundamental is defined in Portfolio123, the bactesting tool I’m using, as the trailing

Gross Profits to Assets Ratio Backtest

The Gross Profits to Assets ratio is another profitability measure. This fundamental was recently mentioned by Ken Faulkenberry in the comments section of my Return on Assets Backtest article. Ken was interested in seeing a backtest of this fundamental. Apparently, the gross profits to total assets ratio is starting to gain popularity among value investors. It was

Return on Assets Backtest

Return on Assets (ROA) is a fundamental measure of profitability based on how much net income is generated by a company’s assets.  Return on Assets is calculated as follows: Return on Assets = Net Income / Average Total Assets Return on Assets recently came up in a discussion regarding the Piotroski F-Score Backtest.  Return on assets

Piotroski Score Backtest Part 2

I received some feedback on my last post regarding the Piotroski F-Score backtest. The comment suggested that I run the backtest for each of the ten discrete Piotroski Scores. I have been using quintiles for my fundamental backtests, but I did agree that in the case of the Piotroski Score it might make more sense to

Piotroski F-Score Backtest

The Piotroski F-Score is an advanced compound fundamental analysis strategy developed by Joseph D. Piotroski. Piotroski detailed this strategy in his 2002 academic paper, “Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers.”  The F-Score gives stocks one point for passing each of the following simple accounting-based fundamental tests: Positive net income